Basic Training for teaching a dog

The "basic training" is called "basic" because it allows a dog to learn a huge number of skills. Once you have mastered it, you will be able to put the trick into a sequence of four steps and thus form a learning sequence. But the very first skill you learn with your dog in the 'basic scheme' is to show him the rules. This is much more important than teaching him anything at all. Don't dwell on time right now. Some puppies learn how to "sit" and "lie" in one session. Dogs after shelter or overactive puppies can learn the 'basic scheme' for as many as three sessions and sometimes even longer. It's no big deal, you go quietly and you're on your way.

I will tell you about the basic scheme based on sitting and several other teams. If your dog already knows these commands, go through the basic scheme step by step anyway. Especially work on the "tricks". With every next lesson you will remember what this stage of training has given you and you will see what power is hidden in the "basic scheme"! 

The Team "Sit"
  • Take a treat in your right hand, twist it in front of your dog's nose and then wrap it up as if you were about to put your hand between his ears. He'll throw his head up, compliment him and give him a treat. Say the same thing again. Tired of standing with his head up, he'll sit down - give him a handout. Repeat it at least four times.
  • Take many pieces in his left hand and one piece in his right hand. With your right hand, encourage him to sit down and as soon as he sits down, praise and give him a piece from his left hand. This should happen at least four times before you move on to the next step.
  • Your right hand has already smelled of cheese or slices of dried turkey, so you can no longer take anything in it. And on your left, pick up the tidbits. With your right hand you provoke the dog to sit down, pretending that there's still a delicacy in your hand. As soon as he sits down, you praise him and give him a treat from the left palm. When you provoke the dog to sit down, say the command: "Sit down! " Repeat 4-5 times and afterward proceed onward to the following stage. With your right hand, without a treat, just wave a little from nose to ears and this gesture becomes less and less each time. After a few repetitions, the gesture should turn into a gesture team. At the same time as the gesture, say "Sit!". When the pooch plunks down, recognition and afterward give him a treat from your left hand.
So, at the end of step 4, the dog can sit on command and gesture, and you have practiced in the coordination of movements and remember which hand you have right and which hand - left (perhaps). If you or your dog hasn't yet succeeded, turn the page. It's all about "tricks".


Any dish requires small additives, which ultimately determine its success. Salt, pepper, water or oil - everything has to be added in time and in quantity. The dog training also has its own "spices", thanks to which the dish is cooked faster, looks more beautiful and the joyful emotions from it are memorable for a long time.
  • For example, pick up 5-7 pieces of treats in the palm of your hand and feed him one at a time. He'll smell great prey and hope to be given everything at once so he'll try harder. In one piece, he may be too lazy to strain his brains.
  • Feed him one piece at a time if he has done something good that he has done before. But if she has exceeded her usual level, then open your palm and let her take all the pieces.
  • Don't expect the dog to sit down the first time. Praise and treat him to small steps to success. First, give him a treat for throwing his head up, next time for throwing his head up and putting his ass down, and then for throwing his head up and sitting on the floor.
  • After each attempt, take a step back. The dogs sat down. You complimented her and gave her a treat. Then say, "Take a walk!" and take a step or two back. Bring the dog to you and try to sit down again.
  • If he turns around and bends in an attempt to get a treat, you're giving him an uneven treat: not from his nose to the point in the middle between his ears but from his nose to his left or right ear.
Understand that your dog isn't the only one training, so are you. To push your dog into the right position you need to feel his movements very well. And this comes after a hundredth repetition in everyone's ear. But only after one hundredth... But everyone!

There's room for creativity in everything. Place a quadruple handkerchief on the floor and try to sit him down with his front paws level on the handkerchief. Then one more time and one more time. Try to sit him down on a hemp in the park, on the steps, so that he is caught above the front paws. Take a picture of your dog in this pose and share it on Facebook. You think this has nothing to do with training? Yes, it does. If you photograph your dog often enough, you can teach him how to shutter himself up without noticing.

 Now the Most Important Thing

The most important thing at this stage of training is to learn how to say praise on time. Imagine that when a dog sits on the floor, it's as if he presses the "Start" button with the fifth dot and the word "Great!" is heard. The treat can be given 4-5 seconds late, but the praise should be pronounced exactly at the moment of the encouraged action. And pronounce it before the dainty, not after and not at the same time.


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